Care of physically handicapped child
The Committee for the Study of the Care and Education of Physically Handicapped Children in the Public Schools of the City of New York: Report of the Sub-Committee on Orthopedically Handicapped Children, 1941 by New York City Board of EducationExcerpt from The Committee for the Study of the Care and Education of Physically Handicapped Children in the Public Schools of the City of New York: Report of the Sub-Committee on Orthopedically Handicapped Children, 1941
From earliest times the lot of the cripple has been a hard one. Among primitive peoples the cripple was often abandoned to perish Of neglect. Destruction of deformed children existed among the Carib tribes of the Antilles. The Aztecs sacrificed deformed persons in time of famine and need and at the death of kings and great men. Crippled infants were abandoned or killed by various tribes living on the islands of the Pacific and in Australia. In the kingdom Of Assinie, on the Gold Coast, children with six fingers on either or both hands were buried alive. Among the indo-germanic peo ples, exposure of deformed infants to the elements was a custom of frequent occurrence. In the early law of Northern Germany the right of the populace to kill monsters and deformed persons is often mentioned. In early Persia all deformities were regarded as the work of the Evil One.
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According to many definitions, a disability or functional impairment is an impairment that may be cognitive , developmental , intellectual , mental , physical , sensory , or some combination of these. Other definitions describe disability as the societal disadvantage arising from such impairments. Disability substantially affects a person's life activities and may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. Disability is thus not just a health problem.
A child is now considered physically handicapped if he cannot, for physical Meanwhile, it is realistic to plan for the early discovery and care of physical.
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Most often, these children do not receive necessary treatment and most of them are discriminated. The Convention of the Rights of people with disabilities adopted in the year , defines a disability as:. The Convention of the rights of the child CRC adopted in the year is the first international treaty that contained a specific reference to disability; its article No. There is also a separate article No. There are numerous causes of disability.