The truth about narcissistic personality disorder
Narcissists Quotes (56 quotes)
Narcissistic Personality Disorder
Dealing with a difficult boss or coworker can test your patience and be drag on your productivity. But working with a narcissist, on the other hand, can be downright unhealthy. Their selfishness, manipulative tactics, and power hungry ways can be annoying at best and career-ending at worst. As an executive coach and Human Behavior professor, I hear from readers every day who claim that they work with a narcissist. They complain about managers and colleagues who make their work-life harder than it should be and frustrate them to no end. They blame the other person's narcissistic tendencies for a lack of progress, not realizing that their own self-absorption might be contributing to the problem. Psychologically speaking, narcissism is a personality trait that every person possesses to some degree.
Still, people can exhibit some narcissistic characteristics without having NPD. These might include:. To make things more complicated, people with NPD or narcissistic tendencies are often very sensitive to criticism, despite their high self-esteem. When they want to, those with narcissistic personalities are pretty good at turning on the charm. You might find yourself drawn to their grand ideas and promises. This can also make them particularly popular in work settings. Despite what someone with a narcissistic personality may say, your wants and needs are likely unimportant to them.
We hear a lot about narcissists these days. Understanding this illness is the key to understanding the people with it. This is the truth about narcissistic personality disorder and its symptoms and causes. Narcissistic personality disorder is a type of mental illness where the sufferers of it have an inflated sense of self-importance. They crave attention and admiration and will do almost anything to get it.
What is narcissistic personality disorder?
Narcissistic personality disorder NPD is best described as a paradox. People with NPD may act superior and confident, but are often fragile and lack self-esteem. They crave attention and praise yet are unable to form close relationships.
Just as people vary in how spontaneous, independent, thoughtful, or protective they are, people can also vary in how narcissistic—meaning how selfish, self-absorbed, or obsessed with themselves—they are. These tendencies may become more pronounced when someone is under stress or during other emotionally trying times, Frye says. However, narcissism becomes a disorder when someone experiences it so persistently that it affects their life on a regular basis. Per the Merck Manual , people who have NPD persistently exhibit at least five of the following symptoms by early adulthood:. As the Mayo Clinic explains, this exaggerated self-confidence seems to be a way of overcompensating for flimsy self-esteem. The DSM-5 says that estimates range from 0 to 6. This review looked at seven different studies published between January and August involving a total of 49, adults and found a mean NPD prevalence of 1.
Narcissistic personality disorder NPD is a personality disorder characterized by a long-term pattern of abnormal behavior that includes exaggerated feelings of self-importance , an excessive need for admiration , and a lack of empathy towards other people. The causes of narcissistic personality disorder are unknown. Treatments for narcissistic personality disorder have not been well studied. People with narcissistic personality disorder NPD are characterized by the personality traits of persistent grandiosity , an excessive need for admiration , and a personal disdain and lack of empathy for other people. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition DSM-5, indicates that a person with NPD usually displays some or all of the following symptoms, typically without possessing the commensurate personal qualities or accomplishments for which they demand respect and status:. Narcissistic personality disorder usually develops either in adolescence or in early adulthood;  and it is common for children and adolescents to display personality traits that resemble NPD, but such occurrences are usually transient, and register below the clinical criteria for a formal diagnosis of NPD. Severe symptoms of NPD can significantly impair the person's mental capabilities to develop meaningful human relationships, such as friendship, kinship, and marriage.