About the french revolution summary
The Days of the French Revolution by Christopher Hibbert
Marie Antoinette. Napoleon. Louis XVI. Robespierre, Danton, Mirabeau, Marat. Madame Rolands salon. A passionate throng of Parisian artisans storming the Bastille. A tide of ebullient social change through wars, riots, beheadings, betrayal, conspiracy, and murder.
CHRISTOPHER HIBBERT was born in Leicester in 1924 and educated at Radley and Oriel College, Oxford. Described by the New Statesman as a pearl of biographers, he has established himself as a leading popular historian whose works reflect meticulous scholarship and has written more than twenty-five histories and biographies. Married with three children, he lives in Oxfordshire.
Summary of the French Revolution
The French Revolution was a revolution in France from to The result of the French Revolution was the end of the monarchy. King Louis XVI was executed in The revolution ended when Napoleon Bonaparte took power in November In , he became Emperor. Before , France was ruled by the nobles and the Catholic Church. The ideas of the Enlightenment were beginning to make the ordinary people want more power.
Beginning in , the French Revolution saw the French people overthrow their absolute monarchy and bring about a republic that was based on the principles of equality, liberty and fraternity. Before the French Revolution, French society was structured in the relics of feudalism , in a system known as the Estates System. Usually a person remained in one estate for his or her lifetime, and any movement from upwards in the estate system could take many generations. The first estate was the clergy, the second estate was the nobility and the third estate was the peasants. By , this began to cause anger amongst the peasant class, as many of them began to question the authority of their monarch, Louis XVI.
What Is the Third Estate?
International: struggle for hegemony and Empire outstrips the fiscal resources of the state. Social antagonisms between two rising groups: the aristocracy and the bourgeoisie. Ineffective ruler: Louis XVI. Economic hardship, especially the agrarian crisis of generates popular discontent and disorders caused by food shortages. Dual or multiple sovereignty is the identifying feature of a revolutionary situation - the fragmentation of an existing polity into two or more blocs, each of which exercises control over some part of the government and lays claim to its exclusive control over the government. A revolutionary situation continues until a single, sovereign polity is reconstituted. Revolutionary Process or Stages :.